According to the LPZ study from 2013 the prevalence of urinary incontinence and faecal incontinence in general hospitals is 9.3% and 13.3% respectively. In special housing, care and welfare facilities the prevalence is no less than 46.5% for urinary incontinence and 30.1% for faecal incontinence (Halfens et al., 2013).
Incontinence is thus one of the most widespread health problems that often leads to a reduction in people’s quality of life. Practical and hygienic problems caused by incontinence are often associated with problems such as shame, stigmatisation, depression, limitations to daily life, limitations to sexual activity and reduced self-reliance. Incontinence also has significant economic consequences. The estimated costs of urinary incontinence are estimated to be 256 million euros in the Netherlands (Ministry of Health, Welfare and Sport), 333 million euros in Sweden and 1.2 billion euros in Germany (Schoberer 2009).